Cabinet in Ash and Walnut
Posted July 5 2019
White Ash is a favorite of mine, but not a wood that I've done a lot of pieces with. While similiar in color to white oak I find the grain
more nuanced and distinctive. My Ash Chair gave me a chance to do some things with curves in the wood,
but building a cabinet of it would really showcase the grain. Drawing on some design ideas that I had used in a similiar cabinet
of all walnut, I drew up something larger that would incorporate some drawers between the doors.
The basic frame is mortise and tenoned together. Three blades are added to the front to separate the drawers and doors. A mid-rail to also
included the back to separate the back panels and provide a dado to support the back of the door compartment shelf. The sides
have solid glue-up panels that are rabbetted on the edges to fit dados in the legs and aprons.
The back is also built of solid glue-up panels that fit into the legs, aprons, rails, and vertical dividers. Mortises are
added to the center back vertical divider to accept tenons on the vertical interior drawer dividers. The bottom back
apron is also dadoed to accept the back of the bottom shelf.
Drawer vertical dividers are composed of 2 pieces: a divider between the blades that is attached top and bottom with tenons and
a front-to-back piece that is tenoned to both the front divider and rear vertical divider in the cabinet back. Kickers and runners
are tenoned into the ends of the lower 2 blades, while the top shelf is biscuted into the top blade. All of these pieces can be
assembled beforehand which simplifies final cabinet glue up.
The top shelf and stretcher are mortised to accept drawer dividers and hinges. Vertical front dividers are double-tenoned for
attachment to the shelf/blade and stretcher and then will have the front-to-rear dividers biscuted to the edge. Once these preparations
are complete, glue up can happen. Back and sides are done separately and then it is just a matter of attaching to sides to the
back and divider assembly. No glue is added to the back shelf dadoes to allow for seasonal wood movement.
Front-to-back top dividers are biscuted to the edge of the tenoned front vertical dividers. Drawer runners, kickers and spacers
are then added to the sides of the dividers. It is then a relatively simple matter to glue the dividers in place to the under side
of the stretcher and blade/shelf. The front-to-back dividers stop short of reaching to back to all for seasonal wood
movement and are allowed to float between anchors attached to the top rear apron.