ChiselHead Wood Working
Coffee Table in Various Maples
Posted June 14, 2013
Start with a Maple Slab...
A friend who was moving away gave me a slab of western bigleaf maple that he had brought
over from the Seattle (wet) side of the state. It was nicely figured,
but was highly checked and twisted, my thinking initially that it was
destined for our firewood bin.
Through some studious bandsaw work, I was able to salvage 4 nice, thick pieces for legs on a potential project. As the
length was limited on the slab, it would need to be a fairly short piece of furniture.
As it so happened, I was looking for a coffee table design
with rather large legs, but still balanced that would work in an area of our
home with a reddish terra-cotta tile floor. Applying myself to
SketchUp, I came up with a table plan to incorporate the maple legs, in
combination with a darker wood to work with the floor tile.
Hand planing the maple legs reveled just how much figure was present in
the wood and inspired me to try to find some comparable maple for the rails
and aprons. Having no more of the western maple, I settled on some
eastern bird's eye maple as a suitable mate for the legs.
The side and back rails are mortised into the legs before being tapered.
The front bottom blade is also mortised into the front legs. For this
project, a little something different, as I cut all of the tenons with a
table saw dado stack instead of the tenon jig. This seems to be a real
time saver and I'm quite pleased with the results.
The top stretcher is fitted with double dovetails into the top of the front legs, to
add mechanical rigidity to the table. I scribe the dovetails onto the leg tops with a knife and then rough-cut
them out with a small router and finish cut them with a chisel. After
tapering the legs and mortising the back rail for the drawer dividers, the base is glued up.
After initial glue up of the base, I added the drawer dividers, which
are pieces of alder that have small pieces of maple biscuted to the front
ends. The dividers are attached to the back rail with mortise and
tenons and sandwiched between the front lower blade and top stretcher.
A screw on the top and underside is added to ensure good pressure and
alignment while the glue is setting.
I believe that drawer fronts of contrasting woods can add some pop to a piece, but careful consideration needs to be
given to the selection of the two woods. In my opinion, some woods seem to
work a lot better than others when placed side-by-side. Originally, I had
planned to use some Pacific Madrone for the drawer fronts on this table, but
found it not to contrast sufficiently with the maple.
Usually, I'm not a big fan of working with tropical exotics -- wild & woolly grain can make for difficult planing
and dust that can be hazardous to health-- are a couple of my cautions.
But having on hand some beautiful Bolivian Rosewood that I've been moving
around for years, I decided to try it for some drawer fronts on this table.
I was able to choose a single piece in order to maintain continuous grain
across all three drawer fronts.
I had also planned to use some western alder for the drawer sides, but
am still drawn to the hard crispness of maple for those pieces as well.
While a little more difficult to work with, I like the clean and contrasting
dovetails that can be cut in the maple. These half-blind dovetails on
the drawer fronts were fashioned using the same techniques as in my
cherry chest, that is, a combination of hand cut, bandsaw, and router to remove
some of the waste.
The drawers required only minor hand-planing of the sides and front to
get a nice fit in their openings, as I'm finally getting good at building a
drawer to fit from the beginning. Having nice square openings and
drawers certainly helps as well. I did stay with the alder for the
drawer bottoms, as it works well as a secondary wood for this purpose.
Working with tropical hardwoods will inevitability lead to some scraper
work, as the grain doesn't always respond perfectly to my planes.
These particular pieces of Rosewood have a certain rowed structure -- grain
sloping in strips alternately one way and another. They certainly meet
Krenov's definition of an "unfriendly wood". On the other hand, after
gluing together some 5/4 hard maple for the table top, it is a true joy to
plane, yielding nicely to my sharp smoother and producing perfect ribbons of
microscopically thin silk.
The top is made from solid 1 1/8" rock maple--not an easy slab of
hardwood to manuver around. The ends are breadboarded and pegged with square pieces of rosewood. I also
inserted rosewood splines into the outer intersection of the breadboard and
top, both for affect and strength on the ends.
I cut the spline on the end of the top to accept the breadboard end with
a dado on the table saw and do the final thickness adjustment with a small
rabbet plane. After attaching the breadboard, holes for the square
pegs are done with a 3/8" bit on the hollow chisel mortiser.
Pegs are pounded into place through a groove in the dadoed top end that
allows the breadboard end to move, as it will, depending on temperature and
moisture throughout the year. Grooves for the rosewood splines on the
top sides are cut with a chisel.
The bottom surface of the table top has a slight bevel on the sides and little
larger bevel on the ends. I rounded over the entire top-edge with a
hand plane and sandpaper, adjusting the radius as I went to get the desired
For drawer knobs, I turned several styles using different woods, before
deciding on ones made directly from the rosewood for the best fit.
Shown are knobs in cocobolo, rosewood, and ebony. After applying several coats of wipe-on tung oil finish,
sanding to about 400 grit between coats, the piece is complete. This
table ended up with 6 different species of wood: western big-leaf
maple (legs) eastern hard maple (top and drawer sides), bolivian rosewood(drawer
fronts and knobs), western alder (drawer bottoms), Alaskan birch (drawer
spacers) and persimmon (drawer slides).
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